By Sarah D. Shields
In 1936, the recent Republic of Turkey lay declare to Antioch and the Sanjak (province) of Alexandretta, which the French had governed considering the fact that 1920 as a part of its mandate over Syria. Turkey's ambassador made a passionate argument that Alexandretta used to be a place of birth of the Turks, a spot that was once basically Turkish. With France and Turkey not able to arrive contract, the League of countries was once known as in to dealer a compromise in keeping with the spirit of the recent democratic impulse, one of the disputes that it needed to adjudicate as self-determination grew to become a rallying cry for peoples who desired to shape new countries round their collective identities. Over the following 4 years, Turkey struggled for attractiveness of its claims to the territory, whereas Turkish experts competed to win hearts and minds in Alexandretta province.
In this nuanced narrative, Sarah D. Shields illuminates how the folks of this region-about 1 / 4 of one million Arabs, Armenians, Circassians, Kurds, and Turks-were compelled to select from Turkish and Arab identities. in spite of everything, Shields exhibits, nationwide identities performed no function within the end result of the dispute. What occurred at the flooring during this contested zone was resolute via nice energy international relations amidst the challenge of eu democracy within the past due Nineteen Thirties, a narrative skillfully interwoven with the violent struggles that happened at the streets of the province. after all, a brand new type of id politics was once unleashed that redefined belonging, remodeled nationalism, and set in movement the method of dysfunctional democracy that keeps to plague the center East.
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Extra info for Fezzes in the River: Identity Politics and European Diplomacy in the Middle East on the Eve of World War II
Fezzes in the River: Identity Politics and European Diplomacy in the Middle East on the Eve of World War II by Sarah D. Shields