Read e-book online DDT and the American Century: Global Health, Environmental PDF

By David Kinkela

ISBN-10: 0807835099

ISBN-13: 9780807835098

ISBN-10: 1469609770

ISBN-13: 9781469609775

Praised for its skill to kill bugs successfully and affordably and reviled as an ecological probability, DDT maintains to engender ardour around the political spectrum as one of many world's so much debatable chemical insecticides. In DDT and the yank Century, David Kinkela chronicles using DDT around the globe from 1941 to the current with a specific specialize in the us, which has performed a severe function in encouraging the worldwide use of the pesticide. Kinkela's examine bargains a distinct method of realizing either this contentious chemical and smooth environmentalism in a global context.

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Download PDF by Geoffrey Jensen,Andrew Wiest,Robert Geoffrey Jensen: War in the Age of Technology: Myriad Faces of Modern Armed

By Geoffrey Jensen,Andrew Wiest,Robert Geoffrey Jensen

ISBN-10: 0814742505

ISBN-13: 9780814742501

ISBN-10: 0814742513

ISBN-13: 9780814742518

Technology of 1 variety or one other has continually been a valuable aspect in battle. The Spartan king Archidamus, for example, reacted with alarm whilst first witnessing a weapon that may shoot darts throughout the air. And but prior to now centuries know-how has performed an unparalleled position in army affairs and considering, and within the total behavior of warfare. furthermore, the influence of recent know-how on war has introduced significant social and cultural changes.

This quantity explores the connection among struggle, know-how, and glossy society over the process the final numerous centuries. the 2 international wars, overall conflicts within which business expertise took a poor human toll, introduced nice alterations to the perform of geared up violence between countries; nonetheless many element of army lifestyles and values remained principally unaffected. within the latter half the 20th century, expertise within the kind of nuclear deterrence looks to have avoided the worldwide conflagration of global battle whereas complicating and fueling ferocious neighborhood contests.

A stimulating fusion of army and social heritage, extending again to the eighteenth century, and with contributions from such major historians as Brian Bond, Paddy Griffith, and Neil McMillen, struggle within the Age of know-how will curiosity lay readers and experts alike.

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Download PDF by William H. Roberts: Civil War Ironclads: The U.S. Navy and Industrial

By William H. Roberts

ISBN-10: 0801868300

ISBN-13: 9780801868306

ISBN-10: 0801887518

ISBN-13: 9780801887512

Civil struggle Ironclads offers the 1st entire examine of 1 of the main formidable courses within the historical past of naval shipbuilding. In developing its new fleet of ironclads, William H. Roberts explains, the U.S. military confronted the large engineering demanding situations of a principally experimental know-how. furthermore, it needed to deal with a boat acquisition application of extraordinary dimension and complexity. to fulfill those demanding situations, the army confirmed a "project place of work" that was once nearly self reliant of the prevailing administrative process. The place of work spearheaded efforts to develop the naval commercial base and advance a marine fleet of ironclads via granting shipbuilding contracts to inland organisations. below the serious strain of a wartime economic system, it discovered to aid its high-technology vessels whereas incorporating the teachings of combat.

But neither the broadened commercial base nor the complicated administration approach survived the go back of peace. price overruns, delays, and technical errors discredited the embryonic venture place of work, whereas capital hunger and unending layout alterations crippled or ruined virtually each significant builder of ironclads. while military contracts evaporated, so did the shipyards. opposite to common trust, Roberts concludes, the ironclad software set military shipbuilding again a generation.

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American Hegemony and the Postwar Reconstruction of Science - download pdf or read online

By John Krige

ISBN-10: 0262112973

ISBN-13: 9780262112970

ISBN-10: 0262612259

ISBN-13: 9780262612258

In 1945, the USA used to be not just the most powerful monetary and army energy on the planet; it used to be additionally the world's chief in technological know-how and expertise. In American Hegemony and the Postwar Reconstruction of technology in Europe, John Krige describes the efforts of influential figures within the usa to version postwar clinical practices and associations in Western Europe on these in the US. They mobilized political and fiscal aid to advertise not only America's clinical and technological agendas in Western Europe yet its chilly battle political and ideological agendas as well.Drawing at the paintings of diplomatic and cultural historians, Krige argues that this try out at clinical dominance through the USA could be obvious as a kind of "consensual hegemony," regarding the collaboration of influential neighborhood elites who shared American values. He makes use of this concept to research a sequence of case reports that describe how the U.S. management, senior officials within the Rockefeller and Ford Foundations, the NATO technology Committee, and influential contributors of the clinical institution -- particularly Isidor I. Rabi of Columbia collage and Vannevar Bush of MIT -- attempted to Americanize clinical practices in such fields as physics, molecular biology, and operations study. He information U.S. aid for associations together with CERN, the Niels Bohr Institute, the French CNRS and its laboratories at Gif close to Paris, and the never-established "European MIT." Krige's learn indicates how consensual hegemony in technological know-how not just served the pursuits of postwar eu reconstruction yet turned differently of preserving American management and "making the realm secure for democracy."

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Download PDF by Robert B. Gordon,Patrick M. Malone: The Texture of Industry: An Archaeological View of the

By Robert B. Gordon,Patrick M. Malone

ISBN-10: 0195058852

ISBN-13: 9780195058857

ISBN-10: 0195111419

ISBN-13: 9780195111415

whereas historians have given abundant recognition to tales of entrepreneurship, invention, and hard work clash, they've got instructed us little approximately real work-places and the way humans labored. employees seldom wrote approximately their day-by-day employment. in spite of the fact that, they did go away at the back of their instruments, items, outlets, and factories in addition to the encompassing business landscapes and groups. during this publication, Gordon and Malone examine the industrialization of North the USA from the viewpoint of the economic archaeologist. utilizing fabric facts from such diversified websites as Indian steatite quarries, motor vehicle vegetation, and coal mines, they study production expertise, transportation structures, and the results of industrialization at the land. Their examine enormously expands our realizing of and focuses consciousness at the contributions of nameless artisans whose talents formed our business heritage.

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Download PDF by Francis C. Moon: The Machines of Leonardo Da Vinci and Franz Reuleaux:

By Francis C. Moon

ISBN-10: 1402055986

ISBN-13: 9781402055980

This interesting e-book may be of as a lot curiosity to engineers as to paintings historians, interpreting because it does the evolution of computer layout technique from the Renaissance to the Age of Machines within the nineteenth century. It offers designated research, evaluating layout thoughts of engineers of the fifteenth century Renaissance and the nineteenth century age of machines from a workshop culture to the rational clinical self-discipline used today.

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Download PDF by Miriam R. Levin,Sophie Forgan,Martina Hessler,Robert H.: Urban Modernity: Cultural Innovation in the Second

By Miriam R. Levin,Sophie Forgan,Martina Hessler,Robert H. Kargon,Morris Low

ISBN-10: 0262013983

ISBN-13: 9780262013987

At the shut of the 19th century, industrialization and urbanization marked the top of the conventional knowing of society as rooted in agriculture. city Modernity examines the development of an urban-centered, industrial-based culture--an completely new social truth according to technological know-how and know-how. The authors convey that this invention of modernity used to be led to during the efforts of city elites--businessmen, industrialists, and officials--to identify new technological know-how- and technology-related associations. foreign expositions, museums, and different such associations and tasks helped stem the commercial and social instability fueled by way of industrialization, projecting the previous and the longer term as a part of a gentle continuum of clinical and technical growth. The authors study the dynamic connecting city making plans, museums, academic associations, and expositions in Paris, London, Chicago, Berlin, and Tokyo from 1870 to 1930. In 3rd Republic Paris, politicians, directors, social scientists, architects, and engineers applied the long run urban via a sequence of commissions, organizations, and firms; in quickly increasing London, cultures of technology and know-how have been either rooted in and constitutive of city tradition; in Chicago after the nice fireplace, advertisement membership individuals pursued civic beliefs via clinical and technological swap; in Berlin, undefined, clinical institutes, and the popularization of technological know-how helped create a contemporary city; and in Meiji-era Tokyo (Edo), modernization and Westernization went hand in hand.

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Astral Sciences in Early Imperial China: Observation, by Daniel Patrick Morgan PDF

By Daniel Patrick Morgan

ISBN-10: 1107139023

ISBN-13: 9781107139022

not easy monolithic smooth narratives approximately 'Chinese science', Daniel Patrick Morgan examines the astral sciences in China c.221 BCE–750 CE as a examine within the disunities of medical cultures and the narratives wherein ancients and moderns alike have fought to instil them with a feeling of harmony. The ebook makes a speciality of 4 unifying 'legends' acknowledged via modern matters: the 1st , redolent of antiquity, are the 'observing of indicators' and 'granting of seasons' by means of historic sage kings; and the opposite , redolent of modernity, contain the pursuit of 'accuracy' and ancient 'accumulation' to this finish. Juxtaposing legend with the messy realities of perform, Morgan unearths how such narratives have been advised, imagined, and re-imagined in line with evolving tensions. He argues that, even if 'empiricism' and 'progress' are actual, we needs to give some thought to the true results of such narratives as believed in and acted upon within the background of astronomy in China.

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Read e-book online Science and Technology in Nineteenth-Century America (The PDF

By Todd Timmons

ISBN-10: 0313331618

ISBN-13: 9780313331619

The nineteenth Century was once a interval of super switch within the day-by-day lives of the typical americans. by no means earlier than had such swap happened so swiftly or and had affected one of these huge variety of individuals. And those adjustments have been basically as a result of the great advances in technology and expertise. a few of the applied sciences that play such an critical position in our way of life this present day have been first invented in this nice interval of innovation―everything from the railroad to the phone. those innovations have been instrumental within the social and cultural advancements of the time. The Civil warfare, Westward enlargement, the growth and fall of slave tradition, the increase of the operating and heart periods and adjustments in gender roles―none of those could have happened as they did had it now not been for the technological know-how and know-how of the time.

Science and know-how in Nineteenth-Century America chronicles this courting among technology and know-how and the revolutions within the lives of daily americans. the amount encompasses a dialogue of:

  • Transportation―from the railroad and steamship to the 1st autos showing close to the top of the century.
  • Communication―including the telegraph, the phone, and the photograph
  • Industrialization― how the becoming manufacturing facility procedure impacted the lives of operating males and women
  • Agriculture―how mechanical units comparable to the McCormick reaper and functions of technology eternally altered how farming was once performed within the United States
  • Exploration and navigations―the technology and expertise of the age was once the most important to the growth of the rustic that came about within the century, and
The booklet encompasses a timeline and a bibliography for these drawn to pursuing additional examine, and over dozen attention-grabbing photographs that illustrate the day-by-day lives of usa citizens within the nineteenth Century a part of the lifestyle via background sequence, this name joins technological know-how and expertise in Colonial the USA in a brand new department of the series-titles in particular how technological know-how techniques impacted day-by-day life.

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Download PDF by Philipp von Hilgers,Ross Benjamin: War Games: A History of War on Paper (MIT Press)

By Philipp von Hilgers,Ross Benjamin

ISBN-10: 0262016974

ISBN-13: 9780262016971

For centuries, either mathematical and armed forces thinkers have used game-like situations to check their visions of learning a posh global via symbolic operations. by means of the tip of worldwide conflict I, mathematical and army discourse in Germany concurrently stumbled on the sport as a efficient idea. arithmetic and army approach converged in international battle II whilst mathematicians designed fields of operation. during this e-book, Philipp von Hilgers examines the speculation and perform of warfare video games via background, from the medieval video game forums, captured on parchment, to the paper map routines of the 3rd Reich. Von Hilgers considers how and why warfare video games got here to exist: why mathematical and army thinkers created simulations of 1 of the main unpredictable human actions in the world. Von Hilgers starts with the medieval rythmomachia, or conflict of Numbers, then reconstructs the information approximately conflict and video games within the baroque interval. He investigates the function of George Leopold von Reiswitz's tactical struggle video game in nineteenth-century Prussia and describes the artifact itself: a video game board--topped desk with drawers for online game implements. He explains Clausewitz's emphasis at the "fog of warfare" and the accompanying section of incalculability, examines the contributions of such thinkers as Clausewitz, Leibniz, Wittgenstein, and von Neumann, and investigates the warfare video games of the German army among the 2 global Wars. Baudrillard declared this to be the age of simulacra; conflict video games stand contrariwise as simulations that experience now not been subsumed in absolute virtuality.

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